Herbicides and other weed control techniques are an important part of a grower’s management plan. In fact, a team of experts from the Weed Science Society of America (WSSA) recently published results that show the loss of these tools would cost farmers in the U.S. and Canada about $43 billion annually.
“It’s an astonishing number and indicates the significant threat weeds present to crop production,” says Anita Dille, Ph.D., of Kansas State University and chair of the WSSA Weed Loss Committee. “It also drives home the importance of taking steps to mitigate the development of herbicide resistance. When a single herbicide is used repeatedly to the exclusion of other controls, weeds can become resistant and can grow unchecked.”
To develop their crop loss estimates, Dille and her team gathered data from weed control studies conducted over a seven-year period. They found an average yield loss of 52 percent in corn and 49.5 percent in soybean crops when all weed control practices were eliminated. To determine the financial value of the crop-loss estimates, the committee used average commodity prices published by Statistics Canada and by the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.
The committee focused its work on corn and soybean production due to the prominence of both crops in North America. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the United States ranks 1st in the world for both soybean and corn production, while Canada ranks 7th and 11th, respectively. Together the two crops are grown on approximately 170 million acres across those two countries.
You can read more about the crop-loss study at http://wssa.net/wssa/weed/croploss, or check the upcoming edition of the WSSA journal Weed Technology. Further information on herbicide resistance is available at http://wssa.net/wssa/weed/resistance.